Options for Taliban: Either Form Inclusive Government or Fight Various Front Forces with Dream of Gaining Recognition
With more restrictive measures adopted by the Taliban against ethnic groups and women, clashes against the group have increased in some parts of the country in recent days. Clashes between Taliban rebels and NFR Forces in the Andarab district of Baghlan province being led by Ahmad Massoud have reportedly resulted in casualties during the past few days. Armed clashes have also been reported in Panjshir province. Afghanistan’s Freedom Front Forces have who has recently emerged against the Taliban have claimed several attacks on Taliban bases in four provinces that include Badakhshan, Parwan, Samangan and Kandahar. Several other resistance forces against the Taliban throughout the country are building foundations for fighting the Taliban.
General Sadat, a former Afghan National Army General has recently spoken of restructuring the former security forces to fight the Taliban. On the other hand, the Taliban’s interior ministry spokesman has rejected the on-ground resistances, saying that all these resistances are limited on social media not on the ground.
Resistance Grounds and Geography
Sebghatullah Ahmadi, spokesman for the Resistance Front, told Hasht-e Subh that the National Resistance Front Forces have bases in Panjshir, Baghlan, Parwan, Kapisa, Badakhshan, Takhar, Laghman, Balkh, Sar-e-Pul, Kabul, Samangan and Ghor provinces. He added that the activities of the Resistance Front Forces would expand in the southern and eastern provinces, as well as in the center of Afghanistan.
He has further confirmed that our resistance is going on throughout the country in various forms. Our resistance is not only weapon oriented but also we have an army of pen campaigners who will not let Taliban rebels to rest in conform and peace of mind. Our army of pen campaigners are not locked in the cages by Taliban within the borders, they are throughout the world.
In contrast, any serious on ground resistances and causalities from Taliban side is being rejected by the Taliban spokesmen. “The resistances are only on social media pages, they do not exist on the ground.” Claims repeated by Taliban spokesmen.
Meanwhile, Enamullah Samangani, the Taliban’s deputy spokesman, has confirmed the clashes in Badakhshan’s Rohistan and Baghlan’s Kohistan district. He has posted pictures of Taliban soldiers declaring their involvements in cleansing operations in the district. According to him, the operation was carried out on a hidden and secure base of the resistance front forces to whom he has referred, as a group of gangsters..
It was previously reported that the National Resistance Front had attacked a Taliban base in this area. Sebghatullah Ahmadi, the spokesman for the National Resistance Front Forces has tweeted that 16 Taliban and seven national resistance forces had been killed during clashes in Badakhshan. He further says that the National Resistance Front Forces have resisted and responded very harshly to seven waves of Taliban’s attacks in Baghlan province during the pas recent days.
“We have reserved depots of weapons from the past and recently enough weapons are seized from Taliban fighters during the Andarab battles.” His response to the question on the sources of their weapons.
Diversity of the Front Forces
Since August 15, when the Taliban seized the presidential palace, several Resistance Front Forces and Resistance Organizations against Taliban have emerged on the screen. Targeted clashes and guerrilla attacks against the Taliban have been reported in some provinces and even in Kabul in recent days. Military and Guerrilla Front Forces that have been formed and emerged against Taliban use the suffixes of “Freedom and Resistance”. The former security forces have also announced their presence to fight the Taliban in areas with Pashtun domination, which is very welcomed and appreciated by the National Resistance Front Forces.
An audio file attributed to Sami Sadat, the former commander of the 215th Corps based in Helmand is released. In this audio file, he has talked about the cohesion of former security forces to fight the Taliban after Ramadan, which will operate on three fronts: Military, Political and Civil. Sadat has supported the National Resistance Front led by Ahmad Massoud. But Taliban’s Acting Deputy Spokesman, Enamullah Samangani has rejected the audio, claiming that the former army members have no intention to fight the Taliban.
Similarly, based on SIGAR’s report, the US Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction “Special units of the former Afghan army have joined the National Resistance Front led by Ahmad Massoud. Massoud.”
Ahmad Massoud, who leads the main front movements in the fight against the Taliban, in his Nowruz message, spoke about the formation of an inclusive government based on the will of people the fair delegation of power and resources in the country. On the other hand, Taliban will never accept a government that public oriented and based on the will of people. He added in his statement. He furhte insisted that armed fighting is not the solution and he has been continuously calling on international community to pressurize Taliban for coping with the realities of Afghanistan society. “The only gateway to gain legitimacy is to form a government resulted from election pol. He believes. In contrast, he has revealed that Taliban insist on “Surrender and Allegiance” that are not on his agenda of resistance.
The Taliban during their rule in the 1990s tortured and killed many of their very powerful and public loving opponents, such as Abdul Ali Mazari, the leading figure and the leader of Hezb-e-Wahdat. The Taliban also tricked him with invitation for peace negotiation talks on the bases of an oath from the holy book (Quran). But they violated the holy book values and killed him along with his companions.
Sebghatullah Ahmadi, speaking to told Hasht-e Subh stated that the Afghan people deserve a peaceful life, and armed conflicts have never worked and been a solution. Taliban have no other option rather than election to form an inclusive government that represents all the people of Afghanistan. He further added that Taliban have been very aggressive and oppressive regarding their interaction with innocent civilians. The have been miss interpreting the values of religion. We are always open to negotiate the matters beside our armed resistance would continue as long as Taliban change their strategy of ruling the nation.
Simultaneously, in support of the resistance movement inside the country a group political figures who have fled the country and live abroad formed “Supreme Council of the National Resistance of Afghanistan” with Military and Political agendas. The members this council tried to open the doors for negotiation with Taliban on forming an inclusive government, but so far it has not yielded result. In addition, Taliban in order to facilitate the chance for the political figures to return to country has recently formed a communication council who is supposed to connect with the figures out of the country. Since there is no grantee of the Taliban’s motives behind such an initiative, no one has responded positively to the initiative yet.
Taliban rebels have repeatedly stated so far that there is no resistance in Afghanistan and they control the entire country. By hiring some poppies from different ethnic for show off on the screen, they claim that their government is an inclusive government and rejects the needs for election. The rebels blame that international community have no clear definition on “Inclusive Government”. But rather defines barriers for Taliban. Bu the definition of international community and those of the very close supporters of Taliban for inclusive government is way different than that of that of the Taliban’s definition.
The International Community defines inclusive government as a comprehensive government that is formed as a result of fair and transparent election with respect to the will of the people while representing all political parties.
Simultaneously with the military movements and clashes that have reportedly resulted in casualties on both sides,, the Special Envoys of Western Countries for Afghanistan have emphasized the importance of a genuine and credible, inclusive process in Afghanistan with meaningful participation of women and various ethnic and religious groups which will infiltrate national reconciliation and government.
Since August 2015, the on screen supporters of Taliban have facilitated several summits and conferences for paving the ways to help Taliban gain legitimization and recognition. If not by international community, at least Muslim countries are encouraged to step forward in recognizing the terror group as legitimate government. China’s meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the neighbouring countries of Afghanistan and OIC Summit held by Islamabad in March 23 are the very clear example of the efforts made the supporters of Taliban to gain the support of the Islamic States for Taliban. In contrast, as a result of the out dated governance strategy adapted by Taliban, the meeting results have fired back. The summit participants have repeatedly emphasized on formation of an inclusive government based on international community’s definition of the inclusive government.
[highlight color=”gray”]Hasht-e Subh Persian[/highlight]